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Last Updated: May 23rd, 2010 - 21:01:09

 


State Bird of Washington
By USGS
Sep 7, 2006, 18:03 PST





American goldfinch Carduelis tristis


Identification Tips:

  • Length: 4.25 inches
  • Small, seed-eating bird
  • Short, conical bill
  • Short, forked tail

Male alternate:

  • Plumage held in Spring and Summer
  • Black forehead
  • Yellow head, back, breast and belly
  • Black wings and tail
  • White wing bars and tertial edges
  • White rump and undertail coverts
  • Pale bill and legs

Female alternate:

  • Greenish upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Pale bill and legs

Basic:

  • Plumage held in Fall and Winter
  • Yellow face
  • Brownish-olive upperparts
  • Whitish underparts
  • Blackish wings with pale wing bars

Smilar species:

The male American Goldfinch in alternate plumage is quite distinctive. Female Lesser Goldfinch is similar to female and immature American Goldfinch but is greener above and has a white patch in the wing.

Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.
Source: USGS


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Keywords: state bird of Washington, Washington, Washington state bird, Goldfinch, American Goldfinch, ClassBrain, state report, homework help, state bird, state birds

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