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IL State Symbols

Last Updated: May 23rd, 2010 - 21:01:09

 


State Bird of Illinois
By USGS
Sep 7, 2006, 12:56 PST



Northern cardinal
Cardinalis cardinalis


Identification Tips:

  • Length: 7.75 inches
  • Large, conical bill
  • Crest
  • Long tail

Adult male:

  • Bright red plumage, dullest on back and wings
  • Black around base of bill
  • Red bill

Adult female:

  • Reddish crest, wings and tail
  • Brownish-gray upperparts
  • Buffy underparts
  • Red bill
  • Juvenile like adult female but has dark bill and crest

Similar species:

The male Northern Cardinal is unmistakeable. Females and juveniles are similar to Pyrrhuloxia but Pyrrhuloxia has a yellow bill with a curved culmen and is grayer, less brown.

Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.



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