Nicodemus National Historic Site, Kansas. This area preserves, protects and interprets the only remaining western town established by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period following the Civil War.
Founded in September 1877, Nicodemus already consisted of about 300 Black settlers. As did their White counterparts, these African-American settlers lived in very primitive conditions. This wasn't the little town of nice homes, public buildings and lush vegetation they were assured awaited their arrival. Instead, they found people living in dugouts "like prairie dogs" among the grasses of the plains, with the only relief a thin meandering oasis of the tree-lined Solomon River.
The town of Nicodemus is symbolic of the pioneer spirit of African-Americans who dared to leave the only region they had been familiar with to seek personal freedom and the opportunity to develop their talents and capabilities.
Source: Edited from the National Park Service
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