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How and Why?
Last Updated: Sep 19th, 2011 - 19:28:10

 


The 9-11 Commission
By ClassBrain Staff/9-11 Commission
Sep 8, 2011, 5:42am

The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission), an independent, bipartisan commission created by congressional legislation and the signature of President George W. Bush in late 2002, is chartered to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. The Commission is also mandated to provide recommendations designed to guard against future attacks.

The Commission periodically held public hearings to offer a public dialogue about the Commission's goals and priorities. The Commission also sought to learn about work already completed and the state of current knowledge, in order to identify the most important issues and questions requiring further investigation.


Commission Members

Thomas H. Kean - Chair Lee H. Hamilton - Vice Chair Richard Ben-Veniste - Members Fred F. Fielding - Members Jamie S. Gorelick - Members Slade Gorton - Members Bob Kerrey - Members John F. Lehman - Members Timothy J. Roemer - Members James R. Thompson - Members
9-11 Commission Report
Public Statement by the Chair and Vice Chair Regarding the Report PDF, 36 KB
Executive Summary PDF, 372 KB HTML, 64 KB
Complete 9/11 Commission Report
PDF, 7.4 MB
Report by Section
Contents, List of Illustrations and Tables, Members, and Staff PDF, 372 KB HTML, 64 KB
Preface PDF, 67 KB HTML, 14 KB
1. "We Have Some Planes"
  • 1.1 Inside the Four Flights
  • 1.2 Improvising a Homeland Defense
  • 1.3 National Crisis Management
PDF, 952 KB HTML, 133 KB
2. The Foundation of the New Terrorism
  • 2.1 A Declaration of War
  • 2.2 Bin Ladin's Appeal in the Islamic World
  • 2.3 The Rise of Bin Ladin and al Qaeda (1988-1992)
  • 2.4 Building an Organization, Declaring War on the United States (1992-1996)
  • 2.5 Al Qaeda's Renewal in Afghanistan (1996-1998)
PDF, 1.4 MB HTML, 72 KB
3. Counterterrorism Evolves
  • 3.1 From the Old Terrorism to the New: The First World Trade Center Bombing
  • 3.2 Adaptation--and Nonadaptation--in the Law Enforcement Community
  • 3.3 ... and in the Federal Aviation Administration
  • 3.4 ... and in the Intelligence Community
  • 3.5 ... and in the State Department and the Defense Department
  • 3.6 ... and in the White House
  • 3.7 ... and in the Congress
PDF, 188 KB HTML, 116 KB
4. Responses to Al Qaeda's Initial Assaults
  • 4.1 Before the Bombings in Kenya and Tanzania
  • 4.2 Crisis: August 1998
  • 4.3 Diplomacy
  • 4.4 Covert Action
  • 4.5 Searching for Fresh Options
PDF, 185 KB HTML, 113 KB
5. Al Qaeda Aims at the American Homeland
  • 5.1 Terrorist Entrepreneurs
  • 5.2 The "Planes Operation"
  • 5.3 The Hamburg Contingent
  • 5.4 A Money Trail?
PDF, 312 KB HTML, 89 KB
6. From Threat To Threat
  • 6.1 The Millennium Crisis
  • 6.2 Post-Crisis Reflection: Agenda for 2000
  • 6.3 The Attack on the USS Cole
  • 6.4 Change and Continuity
  • 6.5 The New Administration's Approach
PDF, 209 KB HTML, 129 KB
7. The Attack Looms
  • 7.1 First Arrivals in California
  • 7.2 The 9/11 Pilots in the United States
  • 7.3 Assembling the Teams
  • 7.4 Final Strategies and Tactics
PDF, 949 KB HTML, 119 KB
8. "The System Was Blinking Red"
  • 8.1 The Summer of Threat
  • 8.2 Late Leads--Mihdhar, Moussaoui, and KSM
PDF, 146 KB HTML, 76 KB
9. Heroism and Horror
  • 9.1 Preparedness as of September 11
  • 9.2 September 11, 2001
  • 9.3 Emergency Response at the Pentagon
  • 9.4 Analysis
PDF, 2.3 MB HTML, 130 KB
10. Wartime
  • 10.1 Immediate Responses at Home
  • 10.2 Planning for War
  • 10.3 "Phase Two" and the Question of Iraq
PDF, 109 KB HTML, 45 KB
11. Foresight--and Hindsight
  • 11.1 Imagination
  • 11.2 Policy
  • 11.3 Capabilities
  • 11.4 Management
PDF, 133 KB HTML, 67 KB
12. What To Do? A Global Strategy
  • 12.1 Reflecting on a Generational Challenge
  • 12.2 Attack Terrorists and Their Organizations
  • 12.3 Prevent the Continued Growth of Islamist Terrorism
  • 12.4 Protect against and Prepare for Terrorist Attacks
PDF, 184 KB HTML, 110 KB
13. How To Do It? A Different Way of Organizing the Government
  • 13.1 Unity of Effort across the Foreign-Domestic Divide
  • 13.2 Unity of Effort in the Intelligence Community
  • 13.3 Unity of Effort in Sharing Information
  • 13.4 Unity of Effort in the Congress
  • 13.5 Organizing America's Defenses in the United States
PDF, 158 KB HTML, 79 KB
Appendices PDF, 109 KB HTML, 49 KB
Notes PDF, 669 KB HTML, 681 KB

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